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How to start TV Channel in India

Updated: Apr 15

news channel

Audio-visual media has developed a lot in the recent times. If you have an eye for a certain kind of entertainment programs, then you will find it on the television network. The television broadcast sector is rather complex. Only a person with technical know how will be able to understand the intricate tasks. A lot happens behind the scenes so that you can gain access to your favorite programs, with the push of a button. It is possible for any person or company to establish its own television channel. Both government as well as private organizations can create and broadcast programs on their platforms. The popularity of private channels is more than that of government channels. Here you will get information regarding what one has to do to open and operate a television channel in India.

tv channels

What is TV Channel ?

The presence of a television channel is a must for entertainment. It is a virtual number or simply a broadcast frequency that offers a platform, where audio-video shows are broadcast. Several kinds of programs are crafted for broadcast on these frequencies. You can get news as well as entertainment content on these television channels.

How can start a TV Channel ?

Earlier, it was possible for any person or company to establish and operate a television channel. But in 2014, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting had implemented some strict guidelines. If the interested company does not follow these guidelines, then it will not get the permission to operate the television channel.

Necessary net worth of channel owner:

Only those companies will be allowed to open their own television channel, which possess a net worth of 5 crore. In case the company desires to operate a news channel, then it must have a net worth of 20 crore. Only those organizations, which fulfil the necessary requirements, will be able to apply for television channel licensing. To ensure the official seal, the company must start the news channel before the completion of one year, starting from the date of application submission. The company will utilize this time to gather technicians, journalists and other necessary teams. It is mandatory for the channel owner to keep all records of expenses. One can also prepare a business plan that will come in handy for running the channel smoothly.

Necessary tools and programs to operate the television channel
  • To start the channel, the channel owner must create a list of programs, which will be broadcasted. The type and nature of these programs will depend on the agenda of the channel. The authority needs to take into account the nature of the target audiences as well.

  • If the channel serves news, then the owners must construct a news studio setup. For other programs, necessary studio setup and filming must commence before the channel goes on air.

  • Once the content is ready, the technicians will come to the forefront. It is not possible for one person to monitor the entire channel. There is strict division of labour and responsibilities. The technical support team will operate gadgets for broadcasting the show.

  • The channel owners may shoot their own shows or down link content from another company. If the shows fail to keep the audiences hooked, then popularity of the channel will dwindle. It will have a direct effect on the overall revenue of the channel.

youtube channel

How to attain permit for the television channel?
  • The permit and registration of the channel depends on the type of content that the channel will broadcast. If the channel wishes to broadcast entertain shows, then it will have to apply for a registration accordingly. But the overall process is similar. Here are some steps that will help any interested person to apply for authorization.

  • All television channels must have an up-link hub. Without this, the channel authority will not be able to broadcast the shows. The channel owner or respective authority will have to fill in application form, where they must highlight the main agenda of the channel. Then the application will be sent to the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.

  • Once the ministry approves the channel up-link, then the channel owner will be able to broadcast shows in all parts of the country. To attain satellite links, the channel authority needs to get in touch with respective government agencies.

  • Once all documents are in order, the channel owner has to submit all details regarding the shareholding partners.


Changing Scenario Of Indian Startups

The Indian government has already made out ways that for improving the condition of startups in India. For the same, the government has promised to release funds for helping the startup owners. Finance Minister Piyush Goyal promised to provide an incentive to both startup owners and small business person that would help to simplify the condition of the entrepreneurs in India. Also, the government promised to achieve the idea of Digital India by 2030 that would include robotics and intelligence elements to simplify the works of the entrepreneurs.

  1. Content Strategy:

  • Define a clear content strategy that aligns with the target audience. Whether it's news, entertainment, education, or a niche segment, having a well-thought-out content plan is crucial for attracting viewers.

  1. Technical Infrastructure:

  • Invest in state-of-the-art broadcasting equipment and technology. Ensure that your technical infrastructure complies with the standards set by regulatory authorities. High-quality production values will enhance the overall viewer experience.

  1. Regulatory Compliance:

  • Stay updated on the evolving regulatory landscape. Compliance with broadcasting laws and regulations is vital for the smooth operation of the channel. Regularly check for any changes in guidelines set by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.

  1. Marketing and Promotion:

  • Develop a robust marketing and promotional strategy to create awareness about your channel. Utilize both traditional and digital platforms to reach a wider audience. Social media can be a powerful tool for engaging with potential viewers.

  1. Monetization Strategies:

  • Explore various revenue streams, including advertising, sponsorships, and partnerships. Develop a pricing model for advertisers and sponsors. Consider offering subscription-based services if applicable to your content.

  1. Digital Presence:

  • In addition to traditional broadcasting, establish a strong digital presence. Leverage online platforms and streaming services to reach audiences beyond geographical constraints. Create a user-friendly website and mobile app for easy access to your content.

  1. Viewer Interaction:

  • Implement mechanisms for viewer interaction, such as feedback forums, social media engagement, and live chats during broadcasts. Understanding viewer preferences and incorporating their feedback can help in refining your content.

  1. Quality Control:

  • Maintain strict quality control measures to ensure that your content meets professional standards. Regularly review and update your programming to keep it relevant and engaging.

  1. Collaborations and Partnerships:

  • Explore collaborations with content creators, production houses, and other industry players. Partnerships can bring in fresh content ideas, expertise, and widen your network within the industry.

  1. Adaptation to Technological Changes:

  • Stay abreast of technological advancements in the broadcasting industry. Embrace new technologies, such as Ultra High Definition (UHD), Virtual Reality (VR), or Augmented Reality (AR), to enhance the viewing experience and stay competitive.

  1. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR):

  • Consider incorporating CSR initiatives into your channel's agenda. Engaging in social responsibility projects can enhance your brand image and contribute positively to society.

  1. Employee Training and Development:

  • Invest in the training and development of your staff. Ensure that your team stays updated on the latest industry trends, technology, and content creation techniques.

By addressing these additional aspects, you can create a comprehensive plan for starting and operating a successful TV channel in India.

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